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[
  {
    "op": "add",
    "path": "/authorities/p046hph/periods/p046hphr2qz",
    "value": {
      "id": "p046hphr2qz",
      "label": "Chiriquí Phase",
      "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
      "languageTag": "en",
      "localizedLabels": {
        "en": [
          "Chiriquí Phase"
        ]
      },
      "note": "“The beginnings of our Chiriquí Phase should be placed in the Gulf at around A.D. 1100… A terminal date for the Chiriquí Phase should be placed at the time of the Conquest (A.D. 1500) or slightly later.” (p. 86)",
      "spatialCoverage": [
        {
          "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
          "label": "Panama"
        }
      ],
      "spatialCoverageDescription": "Gulf of Chiriquí, Panama",
      "start": {
        "in": {
          "year": "1100"
        },
        "label": "around A.D. 1100"
      },
      "stop": {
        "in": {
          "year": "1500"
        },
        "label": "A.D. 1500 or slightly later"
      },
      "type": "Period"
    }
  },
  {
    "op": "add",
    "path": "/authorities/p04k9nh",
    "value": {
      "editorialNote": "Although the information in this dissertation has not been published separately, Palumbo is a cited authority in the field, and the period information in the dissertation is supported by extensive citation of public work. One period, \"Tropical Forest Archaic\", has been omitted here because it is not clear if its dates are expressed correctly (the period is assigned to 4800-2300 BCE, but in other sources its second phase ends in 300 BCE).",
      "id": "p04k9nh",
      "periods": {
        "p04k9nh2c7q": {
          "id": "p04k9nh2c7q",
          "label": "Concepción Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Concepción Phase"
            ]
          },
          "note": "\"... pottery appears relatively late in the Chiriquí sequence with the introduction of Concepción wares around 300 B.C. The Concepción represents the adoption or introduction of ceramic technology in Western Panama.\" (p. 68)",
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 68"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-0299"
            },
            "label": "300 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0400"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 400"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p04k9nh58qr": {
          "editorialNote": "While Palumbo presents “Aguas Buenas” as the primary label in the text, he focuses elsewhere on the term “Bugaba”. He also underlines the heterogeneity of interpretation concerning this period in scholarship on the area; differences emerge in the consideration of the period as a stylistic, demographic/ethic, or political phenomenon.",
          "id": "p04k9nh58qr",
          "label": "Aguas Buenas",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Bugaba Phase",
              "Burica Phase",
              "Barriles Phase",
              "Aguas Buenas"
            ]
          },
          "note": "“For decades, the A.D. 600  eruption of Volcán Barú was assumed to have been catastrophic enough to have ended Aguas Buenas settlements across much of the region (Linares 1977:313, 1980e:245; Sheets 2004)”, but “it appears that both the A.D. 600 eruption and assumptions about the lack of early populations in the Caribbean watershed need to be rethought. Like the rest of Gran Chiriquí, the Aguas Buenas in Gran Chiriquí might have lasted until A.D. 800 or later (Corrales 2000).” (pp 74-75) \n\n“In Western Panama, the Aguas Buenas has three different names. The most used is the Bugaba (with early and late halves), coined by Spang et al. (1980) to refer to ceramics in highland Chiriquí and the Caribbean coast (Kudarauskas et al. 1980). The second is the Burica (A.D. 400-600), used by Linares (1968) to describe Aguas Buenas materials on the Pacific coast. The least used is the Barriles phase (400  B.C. to A.D. 200), described by Haberland  (1976).” (p. 75)",
          "source": {
            "locator": "pp. 74-75"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0300"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 300"
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0900"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 900"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p04k9nh8fbg": {
          "broader": "p04k9nh58qr",
          "id": "p04k9nh8fbg",
          "label": "Early Bugaba phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Early Bugaba phase"
            ]
          },
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 131"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0300"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 300"
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0600"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 600"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p04k9nhj6gm": {
          "broader": "p04k9nh58qr",
          "id": "p04k9nhj6gm",
          "label": "Late Bugaba Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Late Bugaba Phase"
            ]
          },
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 138"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0600"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 600"
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0900"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 900"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p04k9nhsk6n": {
          "derivedFrom": [
            "p046hphwgfm"
          ],
          "id": "p04k9nhsk6n",
          "label": "San Lorenzo Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "San Lorenzo Phase"
            ]
          },
          "note": "“San Lorenzo ceramics have been described as a temporal phase by Linares (1968a, 1968b)” (p. 76).",
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 76"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0700"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 700"
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "1100"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 1100"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p04k9nhtbcj": {
          "id": "p04k9nhtbcj",
          "label": "Chiriquí Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Boruca",
              "Palmer",
              "Sierpe",
              "Chiriquí Phase"
            ]
          },
          "note": "“The Chiriquí phase (also called the Boruca, Palmer, or Sierpe in parts of Costa Rica) is the best known of all the Gran Chiriquí time periods.” (p. 77)",
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 77"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            },
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q800",
              "label": "Costa Rica"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Western Panama; parts of Costa Rica",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "0900"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 900"
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "1500"
            },
            "label": "A.D. 1500"
          },
          "type": "Period"
        }
      },
      "source": {
        "citation": "Palumbo, S. 2009. The Development of Complex Society in the Volcán Barú Region of Western Panama. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Pittsburgh.",
        "creators": [
          {
            "id": "http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1158222270#Agent/palumbo_scott",
            "name": "Palumbo, Scott"
          }
        ],
        "id": "http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/775371695",
        "title": "The Development of Complex Society in the Volcán Barú Region of Western Panama",
        "yearPublished": "2009"
      },
      "type": "Authority"
    }
  },
  {
    "op": "add",
    "path": "/authorities/p0j5449",
    "value": {
      "editorialNote": "Although the periods in this authority are derived from two separate contributions to this work by Linares and Ranere, they are closely connected enough to represent claims that could be considered to be made by the work as a whole.",
      "id": "p0j5449",
      "periods": {
        "p0j5449ghdk": {
          "broader": "p0j5449tz3h",
          "editorialNote": "This definition is provided in a contribution by Ranere to the edited volume: A. Ranere, “Preceramic shelters in the Talamancan Range”, pp. 16-43.",
          "id": "p0j5449ghdk",
          "label": "Boquete Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Boquete Phase"
            ]
          },
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 31"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Rio Chiriquí region",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-2299"
            },
            "label": "2300 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-0299"
            },
            "label": "300 B.C."
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p0j5449rp49": {
          "broader": "p0j5449tz3h",
          "editorialNote": "This definition is provided in a contribution by Ranere to the edited volume: A. Ranere, “Preceramic shelters in the Talamancan Range”, pp. 16-43.",
          "id": "p0j5449rp49",
          "label": "Talamanca Phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Talamanca Phase"
            ]
          },
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 29"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Rio Chiriquí region",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-4599"
            },
            "label": "4600 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-2299"
            },
            "label": "2300 B.C."
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p0j5449tz3h": {
          "editorialNote": "This definition is provided in Linares' concluding chapter, but makes reference to the preceding chapters, including Ranere's: O. Linares, \"Conclusions\", pp. 233-247.",
          "id": "p0j5449tz3h",
          "label": "Tropical Forest Archaic",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Tropical Forest Archaic"
            ]
          },
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 234"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Chiriquí region",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-4799"
            },
            "label": "4800 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-0499"
            },
            "label": "500 B.C."
          },
          "type": "Period"
        }
      },
      "source": {
        "citation": "Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama, eds. Olga Linares and Anthony Ranere, Peabody Museum Monographs Number 5, Harvard University: Cambridge, MA, 1980.",
        "contributors": [
          {
            "name": ""
          }
        ],
        "creators": [
          {
            "name": "Olga F. Linares"
          },
          {
            "name": "Anthony James Ranere"
          }
        ],
        "id": "http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6798821",
        "title": "Adaptive radiations in prehistoric Panama",
        "yearPublished": "1980"
      },
      "type": "Authority"
    }
  },
  {
    "op": "add",
    "path": "/authorities/p06tnbv",
    "value": {
      "editorialNote": "The OCLC URL links to the edited volume, but the definitions come from the contribution by Haberland.",
      "id": "p06tnbv",
      "periods": {
        "p06tnbvtdjr": {
          "id": "p06tnbvtdjr",
          "label": "Boquete phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Boquete phase"
            ]
          },
          "note": "The Boquete lithic assemblage “stratigraphically overlies the Talamanca phase at the Casita de Piedra and Trapiche rockshelters (Ranere 1975b: 176-77). The single C14 date, slightly later than 3000 B.C. when adjusted, came from the top of layer D at Casita de Piedra and either antedates the Boquete phase or reflects its very beginning (Linares and Ranere 1971: 350). The end should be around 1000 B.C., since SI-1844 is said to date the transition to the following ceramic phase at Casita de Piedra. Boquete represents a gradual development out of the Talamanca phase.” (p. 237)",
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 237"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            },
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q800",
              "label": "Costa Rica"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Greater Chiriqui",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-2999"
            },
            "label": "slightly later than 3000 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-0999"
            },
            "label": "around 1000 B.C."
          },
          "type": "Period"
        },
        "p06tnbvxq74": {
          "id": "p06tnbvxq74",
          "label": "Talamanca phase",
          "language": "http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-1/en",
          "languageTag": "en",
          "localizedLabels": {
            "en": [
              "Talamanca phase"
            ]
          },
          "note": "The older of the two preceramic phases, Talamanca, has been dated by Ranere (1975b: 177) to before 3000 B.C., while Cooke (1976a:22) suggested a dating between 5000 and 3000 B.C. Taking the corrected C14 dates into account, 6000 to 3000 B.C. seems appropriate.” (p. 236)",
          "source": {
            "locator": "p. 236"
          },
          "spatialCoverage": [
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804",
              "label": "Panama"
            },
            {
              "id": "http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q800",
              "label": "Costa Rica"
            }
          ],
          "spatialCoverageDescription": "Greater Chiriqui",
          "start": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-5999"
            },
            "label": "6000 B.C."
          },
          "stop": {
            "in": {
              "year": "-2999"
            },
            "label": "3000 B.C."
          },
          "type": "Period"
        }
      },
      "source": {
        "citation": "Wolfgang Haberland, 1984. “The Archaeology of Greater Chiriqui”. In Frederick Lange and Doris Stone, eds., The Archaeology of Lower Central America. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 233-262.\n",
        "contributors": [
          {
            "id": "http://viaf.org/viaf/51772945",
            "name": "Frederick W. Lange"
          },
          {
            "id": "http://viaf.org/viaf/107536065",
            "name": "Doris Stone"
          }
        ],
        "creators": [
          {
            "name": "Wolfgang Haberland"
          }
        ],
        "id": "http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10045443",
        "title": "The Archaeology of Greater Chiriqui",
        "yearPublished": "1984"
      },
      "type": "Authority"
    }
  }
]